Conversation held on 12 December 2019
According to the report, in this meeting between NATO and the Indian team, the main basis of the talks was kept political instead of strategic and it has been learned that India had kept the issue of talks completely political, so that these talks could take place. No commitments, neither related to military nor bilateral cooperation. The Indian Express reported that, as a result of this meeting, the Indian delegation made the necessary effort to assess cooperation on regional and global issues of mutual interest. But, now once again there is going to be a meeting between NATO and India, but this time India will raise its concern with NATO and experts say that the main base of Indian concern may be China.
Very important talks with NATO
The Indian Express report said that NATO, the North Atlantic Alliance, is engaged in bilateral meetings with both China and Pakistan, so the meeting with NATO is very important for India. Access to NATO would add an important dimension to India’s growing engagement with the US and Europe, given the importance of Beijing and Islamabad to New Delhi’s strategic needs. As of December 2019, NATO has held nine rounds of talks with Beijing, including the quarterly meeting of the Chinese ambassador in Brussels and NATO’s Deputy Secretary-General. Along with political dialogue, NATO has also conducted military cooperation with Pakistan. NATO has previously opened selective training for Pakistani officers and in November 2019, NATO also sent a military delegation to Pakistan for talks with Pakistani military officials.
What was the purpose of India’s talks?
According to Indian Express report, before the meeting of NATO and Indian top officials in Brussels, NATO sent a draft agenda to India and then finalized the first round of talks. According to media reports, after receiving the draft agenda, an inter-ministerial meeting was convened by the Indian side, in which representatives of the Ministries of External Affairs and Defense as well as the National Security Council Secretariat participated. The Indian Express quoted a top Indian government official as saying that “engaging NATO in political dialogue will give New Delhi an opportunity to balance NATO’s perceptions of the region’s status and issues of concern to India.”
What was achieved in the first round of the meeting?
Indian officials, after the first round of meetings with NATO, realized that it had no common ground with the alliance on Russia and the Taliban. That is, NATO has different views on Taliban and Russia, while India has its own views and their views are not compatible with each other. Along with this, in the meeting, the Indian officials told about China that the member countries of NATO have different views about China and not all members are the same about China, while the concern for India is China and India has quad membership. The goal is also to compete with Beijing. The Indian Express reported this news in its report quoting top Indian official sources, in which the sources claim that if the NATO alliance joins China and Pakistan separately, India’s concern and NATO’s position on global security issues There will be one-way access.
NATO is keen on dialogue with India
A NATO delegation led by NATO Assistant Secretary-General for Political Affairs and Security Policy Bettina Kadenbach is said to be keen to continue talks with India on mutually agreed terms. According to the report, India is well-suited for international security due to its geo-strategic position and unique approach on various issues and can be an important partner in informing the alliance about India’s own region and beyond. The two sides are said to have discussed a possible second round in New Delhi in 2020, but the meeting was postponed due to the Covid pandemic. According to sources, if NATO gives a proposal on bilateral cooperation on Indian interests and regional problems and if NATO really has such a proposal, then India can consider for the next initial round meeting. According to New Delhi’s assessment, there are differences in the approaches of both India and NATO on China, terrorism and Afghanistan, including Pakistan’s role in Afghanistan.
What are NATO’s views?
According to reports, in the first round of meetings between India and NATO, India learned about NATO’s stance on three sensitive issues on which India expected only limited common ground with NATO. First, NATO considers Russia a threat to Euro-Atlantic security, and NATO’s negotiations with Russia over the Ukraine issue and Russia’s nuclear weapons have not progressed. Second, given the differences between NATO countries, its views on China were seen as mixed, while it discussed China’s rising power and concluded that China presented both a challenge and an opportunity. and iii) in Afghanistan, NATO viewed the Taliban as a political The unit is different from the situation in India. In September 2021, the Taliban formed an interim government in Afghanistan, two years before the meeting between NATO and India. However, given its significant common ground with NATO, the Indian side sees maritime security as a key area of future discussion.
What is the North Atlantic Treaty Organization?
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed in the year 1949 and at the time of its formation, the sole purpose of this organization was to form a strong military alliance against Russia and during the NATO alliance it included the United States, Canada, France was involved. , Britain and eight other European countries were involved and gradually many more European countries were added and currently 30 countries are part of the NATO alliance and the NATO alliance works closely with the United Nations. The headquarters of the NATO alliance is in Brussels and the biggest feature of this alliance is that if any country in the NATO alliance is attacked, it will be considered as an attack on all 30 countries and all 30 countries will take military action together. That is why NATO alliance is the strongest military alliance in the world. Hence, questions often arise as to whether India should also become a member of NATO to deter China, since India has been invited to join NATO several times since its inception. But, with many differences, it is considered very difficult for India to join NATO.
Should India be part of it?
The Cold War between America and Russia lasted for almost 30 years and during the Cold War India’s friendship was more with Russia than America and during the Cold War India refused to join any such alliance and India’s principle of non-alignment remained behind. had gone This. But, after the end of the Cold War, between 1989 and 1991, many such countries joined the NATO alliance, which were also part of the non-aligned bloc. And the biggest strength of NATO behind it is Article 5, which states that, an attack on any member country of NATO will be considered as an attack on all member countries of the alliance and NATO will take joint military action against that country. Therefore, many experts say that India should become a member of NATO now because if India becomes a member of NATO, it will get ‘armour’ against China and Pakistan.