[email protected]: Post-independence, the story of flying into space, becoming a new ‘big player’. It has been 75 years since India became independent, but India’s modern space program is less than 65 years old. But, even in these, it has become a major player in this field from a new one

[ad_1]

India’s space program

India’s space flight in 75 years can be broadly divided into four phases. The first and initial period is the 1960s and 1970s. The 1980s can be considered the experimental phase. The 1990s was an operational phase. Its services related to this started at the national level. Expanded user base. The institutional framework evolved; And since 2000 it has been in an expansion phase. In this, the scope of the Indian space program has become global. Indian space agency ISRO is developing its capabilities for international users. New services have started. India’s emphasis is on becoming fully self-reliant in this sector. Today Indian Space Organization (ISRO) is very capable in its field. From space transportation, satellite systems, space applications, manned platforms, astronaut training and related facilities, and technology to support human life. As a result, ISRO has successfully completed 82 launch vehicle missions, 112 satellite missions, 8 technology demonstration missions and more than 250 space applications. Today, from rural connectivity, telemedicine, teleeducation, national asset directory, banking services, resource management, civil aviation, ISRO is contributing to the preservation of ancient and priceless heritage.

The first sounding rocket was launched in 1963

The first sounding rocket was launched in 1963

India’s space program began in 1960 with the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) and the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS). The first sounding rocket launch took place on November 21, 1963 from the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station. In 1965, the Center for Space Science and Technology was established in Thumba, today known as the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre. The Space Application Center (formerly) was established in 1967 at Ahmedabad. Then UR Rao Satellite Center in Bangalore was established in 1972, Satish Dhawan Space Center in 1971, likewise National Remote Sensing Centre, Hyderabad. ISRO became a government organization on April 1, 1975, with its headquarters in Bangalore. Eighteen days later, on 19 April 1975, India launched its first scientific satellite, Aryabhat, from the Baikonur Cosmodrome.

'the best'

‘the best’

The first experiment in the world of information transmission through space was conducted between August 1, 1975 and July 31, 1976 by the Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) (the world’s largest social science experiment). This experiment laid the foundations of a revolution in the field of mass media. Gradually this mission gained momentum. Experiments continued and the information-broadcasting service began to expand. On June 7, 1979, Bhaskar-1 was launched, an experimental Earth observation satellite. On August 10, 1979, SLV-3 was launched with a payload of Rohini technology. The geostationary communication satellite APPLE was successfully launched on June 19, 1981. Then, after the launch of Bhaskar-2 on November 20, 1981, also came the day in April 1984, when Rakesh Sharma, the first Indian to reach space, said to the space – “I can say without hesitation that Sara Jahan Se Achcha .” After this India never looked back in the field of space.

How other countries also depended on ISRO?

How other countries also depended on ISRO?

The country’s first indigenous communication satellite INSAT-2B was launched on July 23, 1993. The first successful launch of PSLV was on 15 October 1994 carrying IRS-P2. The remote sensing satellite IRS-1C, which was launched by India on 28 December 1995, was the best in the field of remote sensing in the world at that time. May 26, 1999 also marked the day when India launched the first successful commercial launch of Oceansat-2 into space with satellites from Korea and Germany. Thus, India progressed in space year after year, month after month and the developed countries of the world also waited for the launch of ISRO for launching economically. For example, on April 28, 2008, India’s PSLV-C9 successfully launched 10 satellites. It had two Indian and 8 nano satellites of international customers.

Presence of Moon and Mars

Presence of Moon and Mars

Now the era of ISRO beyond space had arrived. Chandrayaan-1 was launched on 22 October 2008. This makes India the fifth country in the world to land a spacecraft near the Moon. It was the first mission in the world, which detected the presence of water on the surface of the Moon. With the launch of various satellites in between, 5 November 2013 also marked the day when India launched its first successful Mars orbiter mission to another planet. India’s Mars Orbiter spacecraft successfully entered Mars orbit on 24 September 2014.

India has become a major player in space technology

India has become a major player in space technology

Thus the pace of India’s progress in space exploration has never slowed down. India’s first astronomy satellite, AstroSat, was launched on 28 September 2015 from PSLV-C30, along with 6 foreign satellites, including those from the US, Canada and Indonesia. On February 15, 2017, India raised the flag of success in space when it launched 103 foreign satellites with its two satellites at once. This became the record for so many satellites at one time. On August 15, 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the Gaganyaan programme, which will be India’s first manned mission into space. Based on this, the Human Space Flight Center was inaugurated on January 30, 2019 at the ISRO headquarters in Bangalore. On July 22, 2019, the Chandrayaan-2 satellite was successfully launched into Earth orbit. On September 2, 2019, the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter was launched into lunar orbit. It has carried out 8 experiments so far and sent back some of the best images of the Moon.

Also Read- Around 70% Indians were very poor in 1947, how strong have we become on the economic front today?  An analysisAlso Read- Around 70% Indians were very poor in 1947, how strong have we become on the economic front today? An analysis

There are high expectations from the 'Navik' navigation system

There are high expectations from the ‘Navik’ navigation system

On November 27, 2019, PSLV-C47 was launched from Sriharikota carrying 13 foreign satellites along with India’s Cartosat-3. In August 2020, Cartosat achieved a major breakthrough when it discovered one of the oldest galaxies in ultra-ultraviolet light. ISRO has also successfully launched one of its satellite systems, NAVIK. Navigation Mobile handsets like Xiaomi and OnePlus are equipped with navigation systems that support navigation signals. On August 28, 2021, a hot test of the Gaganyaan service model propulsion system was also successfully completed. (Multiple images courtesy – video available on ISRO website)

Click on this link to see the achievements of ISRO in detail

[ad_2]

Leave a Reply