The biggest threat to the Middle East
However, experts say that high temperature alone is not enough to make a city a desert, but if humidity is added to the high temperature, it creates a dangerous situation and the same is about to happen to the Middle East. The Middle East is still quite warm. The Iranian city of Abadan set a record for the driest summer this year when it reached 53 degrees Celsius on August 5, surprising scientists around the world. The most alarming thing was that the temperature was 53 degree Celsius along with the humidity, which made people miserable and scientists have expressed fear that if the humidity level in this region continues to rise, this area will become a disaster for the people. will be out of reach. To live human. That is, if in a few years people will have to leave the Iranian city of Abadan.
Accessible place to live
Scientists say that as the humidity increases, the place will not be habitable for humans. According to scientists, it’s harder to cool down when the weather is humid, because in dry weather our bodies have to work harder to convert the heat from the dry air into “wet” air, which causes the body to sweat more. More comes Exhaling and balancing the temperature is more difficult, and in such a situation, the person may suffer from serious health problems. According to scientists, the measurement of heat with humidity is called wet bulb temperature. The name is derived from the method of measuring this condition, which literally means, wrapping a wet cloth around the thermometer and measuring the temperature of the water as it evaporates. It directly refers to our body’s ability to cool itself through sweat. However, if moisture does not result in sweating, the body will not be able to keep itself cool.
‘Wet bulb’ temperature, how will humans live?
“The wet bulb temperature is the lowest temperature that can be reached by evaporative cooling,” Tapio Schneider, a professor of environmental science and engineering at the California Institute of Technology, told CNN. And the Middle East is particularly vulnerable to rising global temperatures. This “region has already been hot, but with several cities in Iran being humid, there are fears that the entire Middle East could be affected by humidity.” In an area where human health may be at risk.” It is already scorching heat and humidity from above…that is, Middle East deserts and deserts.
The condition of European countries is also bad
On 19 July the UK experienced its hottest day on record and the UK temperature reached 40°C for the first time. East England recorded a temperature of 40.3 degrees Celsius. On the same day, both London and Dubai averaged 34°C, but the wet-bulb temperature in London was 20°C, while the wet-bulb temperature in Dubai was over 27°C. The Persian Gulf is one of the few places in the world that has recorded a wet-bulb temperature of 35 degrees Celsius and nine times since 2005 that exceeds the human survival limit. Humans to survive. A wet bulb temperature of 35°C means that the body can no longer cool itself to the temperature it needs to survive. Professor Schneider said, “This is a hard limit for age and fitness to be free and humans cannot survive under these conditions and in this weight bulb condition, humans can die within hours.”
Alarm bells rang in the Middle East
The oil-rich Arab states of the Persian Gulf have so far used air-conditioning to protect themselves from the heat, but in areas other than the capital regions, people cannot afford air-conditioning of that capacity. . That we can save our lives and from this, the wet bulb temperature continues to rise, because nothing is being done all over the world yet to mitigate global warming. Workers in the Iraqi city of Basra were told to stay indoors earlier this month due to high temperatures. However, households only get electricity for 10 hours from the national grid, so how will it fare if the house is equipped with AC? Also, the poverty of the people is so high that they cannot even use the generator facility and the families in these countries are so large that it is almost impossible to install AC in every room and bear its cost.
How will people live in cities like Gaza?
The areas over which Israel and Palestine have been in dispute for years and many wars have taken place, now the question is whether those areas will be habitable for humans after a few years? This summer in Gaza City, homes have only been supplied with electricity for 3 to 4 hours a day and people have had to go without power for almost 20 hours every day, that too in the scorching heat. Also, the Lebanese government no longer provides more than two hours of electricity per day. And even in some Gulf Arab states like Kuwait, where high-rises are going up fast, this year’s summer has shown people a trailer of your arrival. Hundreds of construction workers have fainted and dozens have died from heatstroke. Also, most of the people living in the big buildings that are left do not have air conditioning machines and this time it is easier for them to live in summer. Especially the working class has been badly affected by the heat.
So what will happen to the Middle East?
Purdue University found in its research that the weight bulb temperature in these areas was 32 degrees Celsius, which scared people and made it impossible for people of strong stature to leave the house for work. Scientists say that in the Middle East, a wet bulb above 31 degrees Celsius is the danger limit for humans. At the same time, an MIT simulation found that if the current pace of greenhouse emissions in the Persian Gulf remains constant, the annual maximum wet-bulb temperature in cities such as Abu Dhabi, Dubai and Doha could rise by more than 35 degrees Celsius by the end of the year. can This means that it will be almost impossible for humans to live in these areas.