in pictures. India and Pakistan

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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, with freedom activists during the Dandi March – a non-violent act of civil disobedience on April 6, 1930. Gandhi became widely known as the man credited with securing India’s independence.PA Images/Reuters

Updated 0512 GMT (1312 HKT) 15 August 2022

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, with freedom activists during the Dandi March – a non-violent act of civil disobedience on April 6, 1930. Gandhi became widely known as the man credited with securing India’s independence.PA Images/Reuters

In August 1947, the Indian subcontinent won its independence from the British, and two nations were born.

But the borders of the new countries – Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan – were drawn hastily, prompting the largest mass exodus in history and leading to some of the worst sectarian violence the subcontinent has ever seen.

The legacy of that violent separation has reverberated ever since, in which the two countries have fought against each other in several wars.

Seventy-five years later, the birth of both nations is one of the most compelling stories of the 20th century. We look at the creation of India and Pakistan and the remarkable moments they have witnessed, from their freedom fighters to their leaders and the many ordinary people whose lives have been shaped by their Partition.

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