August 13, 2022


in America, Heart disease is the leading cause of death In adults, stroke (another heart disease) is one of the top five causes of death.

While certain lifestyle changes can lower your risk of cardiovascular events, genetics also plays a large role in determining your risk for heart attack, heart disease, and stroke. This is also true with some health conditions. A new study suggests that gout, a common form of arthritis, may be associated with a higher risk of both stroke and heart attack.

Gout flare-ups are associated with an increased risk of heart attack and stroke, which occurs shortly after a flare-up, according to UK based research Published in the JAMA Journal of the American Medical Association.

The study studied 62,574 people with gout and found that “patients who had had a heart attack or stroke were twice as likely to have a gout flare-up in the first 60 days. [cardiovascular] incidence, and are one and a half times more likely to have a gout flare-up in the past 61-120 days. ,

This means that if you experience a gout flare-up, your risk of cardiovascular events increases in the four months following the event.

According to research, “people with gout have higher cardiovascular risk factors.” Additionally, the study noted that gout eventually leads to severe inflammation that manifests as “joint pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness that often lasts one to two weeks. Called gout flares.” These episodes often recur. Inflammation is also a risk factor for heart attack and stroke.”

At present, approx 8.3 million Americans There is gout, and that number is expected to increase in the coming years as rates of obesity increase and baby boomers get older. In other words, many Americans now have even more reasons to monitor their heart health.

So, what can you do to protect your heart health if you have gout? And how can you reduce your risk of developing the condition? An expert has shared some tips below to help.

What is gout and who is prone to it?

Gout is “a disease that causes inflammation of the joints” [and] it is most common [type of] inflammatory arthritis,” according to Dr. Ethan Craigassistant professor of rheumatology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.

At its core, “gout is caused by an immune response to monosodium urate crystals in the joints,” he said. These crystals form when the level of uric acid in your blood rises.

Craig notes that gout flare-ups (which occur when joints become painful, red, or swollen, usually in the big toe, knee, and ankle) occur when some sometimes notice crystals in the joints. triggers the immune system. Flare-ups vary in severity but can be chronic and even cause destruction of the joints.

Can You Reduce Your Risk of Developing Gout?

Unfortunately, a large component of gout risk is genetic, Craig said. “I stress this because there is a misconception that gout is caused solely by dietary choices or lifestyle choices, but in most cases, this is not true,” he said.

There are things you can do to help reduce your risk of developing gout. Craig said losing weight, reducing alcohol intake and following a Mediterranean diet are all ways to lower uric acid levels. It is important to note whether these lifestyle choices completely prevent gout is not clear.

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Gout flare-ups usually occur in the toes, ankles, and knees.

If You Have Gout, There Are Ways to Manage It

All of this may sound a little dire, but there’s good news: Gout is highly treatable, Craig said.

Acute flare-ups are treated with an anti-inflammatory drug or steroid, he explained. And with long-term treatment, doctors address the underlying cause—that is, high uric acid levels—through lifestyle changes or medication.

If you have arthritis, you should stay up to date about your treatments. Gout is a lifelong condition that requires constant and ongoing management; It can be dangerous and even more painful if left untreated.

Additionally, there are ways to reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke.

If you suffer from gout and are concerned about an increased risk of cardiovascular events, you can make some simple lifestyle changes to improve your heart health while continuing to manage your gout.

Maintaining a healthy weight, eating a diet rich in lots of fruits, vegetables and lean proteins, not smoking and getting regular exercise are all ways to reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke. American Heart Association.

Walking 21 minutes a day also reduces the risk of heart disease by 30%. According to Harvard Health, And Dr Tamanna Singhco-director of the Center for Sports Cardiology at the Cleveland Clinic, previously told HuffPost that everyone can benefit from running, whether they have increased cardiovascular risk or not.

Taking a walk can help control things like high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Singh said the activity can also prevent heart attacks and strokes.

While gout flare-ups can mean an increased risk of heart attack and stroke, there are ways to manage both your arthritis and heart health to help prevent these cardiovascular events from happening.

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